China has created a forest city where buildings are covered in plants to combat global warming. Offices, houses, hotels and schools are covered by a total of 40,000 trees and 1 million plants of 100 species. It is the first forest city, which has housed more than 30 thousand people in a couple of years.
This project, which was developed north of Liuzhou, aims to absorb almost 10,000 tons of Co2 and 57 tons of pollution per year. In the same way, it is expected that it is capable of generating about 900 tons of oxygen.
Residential areas, schools, hospitals and recreational spaces will give a new look to the mountainous area of Liuzhou, in Guangxi, in an area of 175 hectares along the Liujiang River, right on which it is planned to connect with railway lines and a fast lane for electric cars.
The project was conceived by the Liuzhou municipality and was designed by the architects of the Stefano Boeri Architetti firm.
A unique project in the world
First, it was the Vertical Forest of Milan in 2015, a true jewel of the urban habitat. Now it is known as the forest city of Liuzhou, an area of 175 hectares located in the province of Guangxi. This mountainous area will be the setting for the architectural model designed for the future of the planet.
Liuzhou Forest City is the world’s first forest city: an urban body in which offices, houses, hotels, hospitals and schools are almost entirely covered by plants and trees of a wide range of varieties and sizes.
Spread over an area of about 175 hectares along the Liujiang River, the master plan commissioned by Liuzhou Municipality Urban Planning is currently being implemented.
The project extends the successful experimentation already started for the first time in Milan with the Vertical Forest building prototype, proposing and developing a model of architecture and habitat capable of interpreting the theme of biodiversity on an urban scale and redefining the relationship between humans and other living species.
In addition to housing about 30,000 people, the new city will provide a comfortable living environment for plants and trees in all buildings: in total, Liuzhou Forest City will house about 40,000 trees and 1 million plants of more than 100 different species.
Liuzhou Forest City
The Liuzhou Forest City was ready in 2020 and the first zero-impact urban zone, that is, a fully self-sufficient settlement. Power production consists of solar panels. In addition, the forest city is designed to absorb 57 tons of carbon dioxide and produce 900 tons of oxygen.
This is a construction bet that takes into account the climate crisis as its axis. These urban developments with environmental elements are designed to improve living conditions in the near future. They also propose the start of green developments that seek to reduce pollution.
The new urban organism designed and developed for the Chinese city of Liuzhou by Stefano Boeri Architetti will function as a great sustainable machine, since it will be capable of absorbing about 10,000 tons of CO2 and 57 tons of microparticles per year, producing about 900 tons of oxygen per year at the same time effectively and profoundly combating the serious problem of air pollution thanks to the multiplication of urban drainage and plant surfaces.
Rich ecosystem of living spaces
The distribution of plants not only in the avenues of parks and gardens but also on the facades of the buildings. This means that a city already designed to be energy self-sufficient will also be able to improve air quality. And reduce the average temperature of the urban heat island. Generate a barrier against noise pollution and increase the biodiversity of living species through the generation of a rich ecosystem.
Furthermore, in terms of the inhabited settlement, the new Liuzhou Forest City has been conceived and developed as a true “porous model”: an urban organism sensitive and attentive to the specific qualities and values of the environment.
This design approach naturally develops from planimetric design, designed to blend harmoniously with the geography of the surrounding mountains, follow their morphology, and incorporate the particular qualities of the local landscape. This approach also corresponds to a careful study of the technological, infrastructural and distribution characteristics of the large urban complex.
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