What is phytosanitary problem found in Indian wheat sent back by Turkey?
The Indian government has asked the Turkish authorities to provide details on Turkey’s rejection of Indian wheat due to quality. India has exported this wheat through ITC. Following the return of the Turkish consignment of wheat, the private company ITC said it had all the necessary permits to export 60,000 tonnes of wheat.
Turkey has refused to allow an Indian consignment of wheat due to phytosanitary problems. Following this decision by the Turkish authorities, 56,877 tons of durum wheat are now being returned to the port of Kandala in Gujarat. Turkey claims that the rubella virus was found in this wheat.
Turkey returned a consignment of Indian wheat on May 29, despite the wheat crisis in the country caused by the Russian-Ukrainian war. Officials say there is a phytosanitary problem in the party’s wheat. This is against the background of 70% inflation in Turkey.
Despite the ban on wheat exports, the government may authorize wheat exports to some countries. The countries whose names are included in this list have made a special request to the Government of India.
‘A consignment of wheat was detected with rubella and was rejected by the Turkish Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry,’ said an S&P trader from Istanbul.
The ship will return to Kandla by mid-June, the trader added. Turkey’s decision came at a time when international buyers were seeking to secure wheat supplies. World wheat supplies have been severely affected by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, as the two countries account for a quarter of the world wheat trade.
What is rubella in humans?
Rubella is a contagious disease caused by a virus. Most people who get it usually have a mild illness, with symptoms that can include low-grade fever, sore throat, and a rash that begins on the face and spreads to the rest of the body.
Rubella is spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes tiny droplets filled with germs into the air and on the surface. People who catch the virus are contagious for the week before and the week after the rash appears.
Until the 1960s, rubella was a common childhood infection. But after the MMR vaccine hit the market, the virus stopped spreading in the United States around 2004. The virus still exists in Asia, Africa and other parts of the world.
Symptoms of rubella are mostly mild in both adults and children. While adults typically experience subfebrile fever, sore throats, and rashes that begin on the face and spread to the rest of the body, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), red rash is usually the first.
- Light pink eye colour (redness or swelling of the whites of the eyes)
- General discomfort
- Swollen and enlarged lymph nodes
According to the US Health Agency, approximately 25 to 50% of people infected with rubella do not experience any symptoms.
India as an exporter of wheat
Although India is not a major exporter of wheat, several countries are counting on its supplies to make up for the global war deficit in Ukraine. Exporters reportedly shipped a record 7 million tons in the year ending March 2022.
India has suspended wheat exports after forecasting wheat production to fall 3% to 106 million tonnes due to early heat, compared to a previous forecast of 111.32 tonnes in February 2022. Wheat prices have risen as Indian wheat is in demand in world markets after exports from Ukraine stalled due to the Russian-Ukrainian war. (phytosanitary)
The purpose of the export ban was to ensure the stability of wheat prices and protect it from international price movements. India is the second-largest producer of wheat. However, we are the ninth-largest exporter of wheat in the world due to its large population. This is the reason why most of the harvest is consumed domestically, leaving little room for export.
However, wheat exports from India reached 7.85 million tonnes in the fiscal year to March, a record high and a sharp increase from 2.1 million tonnes in the previous year. In addition to Bangladesh, India has exported wheat to South Korea, Sri Lanka, Oman and Qatar and others.
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